Hip pain is very common to the old persons but nowadays the young ones are also suffering from this pain. At the starting stage, the doctors adopt the non- surgical methods to cure the problem. But if the pain becomes severe and the problem reaches to an advanced stage, the surgical approach is only the solution. Hip replacement is a surgical process in which the hip joint is replaced by an implant which is a hip prosthesis. Hip replacement surgery can be performed as a total hip replacement or a partial hip replacement.
PARTIAL HIP REPLACEMENT
Partial Hip replacement removes and replaces the hip joint ball. It does not replace the socket. This surgery is mostly done to repair some specific types of hip fractures. The ceramic or metal ball is attached to a metal stem. This is called a hip implant. The stem is set down into the core of the femur (thighbone). It is firmly fixed in the femur through one of the two ways:
- First method is Cemented to the bone
- Second method is uncemented. This type of stem has a porous coating that the bone grows into.
Hip replacement is a part of orthopedics and there are many orthopedic surgery specialists in Delhi. These orthopedic surgeons use various kinds of orthopedic medical implants and instruments which includes hip implants and instruments too. Siora Surgicals Pvt Ltd. also manufacturers high- quality orthopedic products for partial hip surgery.
TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT
Total hip replacement refers to a surgical process of replacing the damaged cartilage and hip joint bone with an artificial implant.
Causes of Hip Pain and Need for Total Hip Replacement: Countless causes can be blamed for hip related ailments, but arthritis is known to be the most uncommon one for the problem. Arthritis is of a variety of types. The degenerative arthritis popularly referred to as osteoarthritis, is the commonest of all the kinds. If it is not treated earlier, the patient can suffer from severe pain in the hip part with the passage of time. Many times, the problem worsens in the twilight days. Especially, the women are more prone to this problem after menopause. Due to the hormonal imbalance, the old women suffer from decaying bones once the menopause period begins. Apart from the stated conditions, many others including rheumatoid arthritis, fractures or death of the hip bone may also lead to total hip replacement surgery.
When to consider Total Hip Replacement: It is the only responsibility of the orthopedic surgeons to decide if a patient all needs to go for surgery. In the primary stage, the doctors are reluctant to replace the ailing hips as they think that anti-inflammatory medicine, simple exercises, and change in the lifestyle can effectively lessen the pain. Often excessive weight of a person is the reason to cause hip pain. It is unfortunate that many of patients neither follows the routine exercises nor puts in extra efforts to lose their weight. It is only when the pain increases to severity, they fret a lot to have an immediate relief. Intense and constant pain paired with the decreased flexibility of movement shifts the doctor’s decision to total hip replacement. But in fact, it is not easy for the orthopedic surgery specialists to consider the surgery for their patients, especially the sufferers of Gen Y. at this point, the non- surgical treatment is completely useless and only the total hip replacement can bring a balmy touch on the ailment. The concluding decision is based on the precise calculation of the involved risks and expected benefits.
Total Hip Replacement Procedure: The original hip joint includes of a ball and socket. The ball is also referred as the head of the femur (thigh bone). The socket is cup-shaped pelvis bone and generally referred as acetabulum. The total hip replacement removes both the ball and socket. The original ball is replaced with a metallic ball and stem while a plastic implant is placed in the replaced socket. The artificial implants are also called as ‘prosthesis’. The implanted prosthesis is fixed in the place with the help of bony cement. An alternative solution is implanting a cement less prosthesis that is more durable and is especially considered in case of the master athlete and young patients.